The Hajjis an annual islamic pilgrimage to mecca, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims which must be carried out at least once in lifetime by every adult muslim who is physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support his family during his absence.It is one of the five pillars of Islam. The gathering during Hajj is considered the largest annual gathering of people in the world.
The state of being physically and financially capable of performing the Hajj is called istita’ah, and a Muslim who fulfils this condition is called a mustati. The Hajj is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God (Allah).
The word Hajj means “to intend a journey” which connotes both the outward act of a journey and the inward act of intentions.